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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Preimplantation embryo development rates in cycles using ejaculated spermatozoa (EJACULATE cycle) and testicular sperm cells (TESA cycle). Significantly higher fertilization, blastocyst, and good-quality blastocyst rates were obtained in the TESA-cycle group compared with the EJACULATE-cycle group. Significant differences between EJACULATE-cycle and TESA-cycle groups are highlighted with an asterisk (*) with paired Student‘s t-test/a pound (#) with Wilcoxon signed-rank test, P < 0.05. Error bars represent the standard deviation.

Figure 1: Preimplantation embryo development rates in cycles using ejaculated spermatozoa (EJACULATE cycle) and testicular sperm cells (TESA cycle). Significantly higher fertilization, blastocyst, and good-quality blastocyst rates were obtained in the TESA-cycle group compared with the EJACULATE-cycle group. Significant differences between EJACULATE-cycle and TESA-cycle groups are highlighted with an asterisk (*) with paired Student‘s t-test/a pound (#) with Wilcoxon signed-rank test, <i>P</i> < 0.05. Error bars represent the standard deviation.