Close
  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 2: Operation location: (a) Two 5-mm ports were inserted at the umbilical edge for the laparoscope and laparoscopic instruments in transumbilical two-port laparoscopic varicocele ligation (TTLVL). (b) A 10-mm port was inserted at the umbilical edge for laparoscope. One 10-mm port and a 5-mm port were inserted into abdominal cavity in the right and left ventral median line for laparoscopic instruments in conventional laparoscopic varicocele ligation (CLVL).

Figure 2: Operation location: (a) Two 5-mm ports were inserted at the umbilical edge for the laparoscope and laparoscopic instruments in transumbilical two-port laparoscopic varicocele ligation (TTLVL). (b) A 10-mm port was inserted at the umbilical edge for laparoscope. One 10-mm port and a 5-mm port were inserted into abdominal cavity in the right and left ventral median line for laparoscopic instruments in conventional laparoscopic varicocele ligation (CLVL).