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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Result s in loupe-assisted and microscopic procedures. The presumed internal spermatic veins, lymphatics and arteries were marked and circled; (a) shows the loupe-assisted field (photo through Leica operating microscope ( 1.25); the surgeon did not use this microscope but used a 3.5 loupe to facilitate the operation) and (b) shows the same fi eld under an operating microscope (8)

Figure 1: Result s in loupe-assisted and microscopic procedures. The presumed internal spermatic veins, lymphatics and arteries were marked and circled; (a) shows the loupe-assisted field (photo through Leica operating microscope ( 1.25); the surgeon did not use this microscope but used a  3.5 loupe to facilitate the operation) and (b) shows the same fi eld under an operating microscope (8)