Asian Journal of Andrology

INVITED REVIEW
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 234--238

Percutaneous embolization of varicocele: technique, indications, relative contraindications, and complications


Joshua Halpern1, Sameer Mittal1, Keith Pereira2, Shivank Bhatia2, Ranjith Ramasamy3 
1 Department of Urology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York 10065, USA
2 Department of Radiology, University of Miami - Miller School of Medicine, Miami 33136, USA
3 Department of Urology, University of Miami - Miller School of Medicine, Miami 33136, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ranjith Ramasamy
Department of Urology, University of Miami - Miller School of Medicine, Miami 33136
USA

There are several options for the treatment of varicocele, including surgical repair either by open or microsurgical approach, laparoscopy, or through percutaneous embolization of the internal spermatic vein. The ultimate goal of varicocele treatment relies on the occlusion of the dilated veins that drain the testis. Percutaneous embolization offers a rapid recovery and can be successfully accomplished in approximately 90% of attempts. However, the technique demands interventional radiologic expertise and has potential serious complications, including vascular perforation, coil migration, and thrombosis of pampiniform plexus. This review discusses the common indications, relative contraindications, technical details, and risks associated with percutaneous embolization of varicocele.


How to cite this article:
Halpern J, Mittal S, Pereira K, Bhatia S, Ramasamy R. Percutaneous embolization of varicocele: technique, indications, relative contraindications, and complications.Asian J Androl 2016;18:234-238


How to cite this URL:
Halpern J, Mittal S, Pereira K, Bhatia S, Ramasamy R. Percutaneous embolization of varicocele: technique, indications, relative contraindications, and complications. Asian J Androl [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Oct 22 ];18:234-238
Available from: https://www.ajandrology.com/article.asp?issn=1008-682X;year=2016;volume=18;issue=2;spage=234;epage=238;aulast=Halpern;type=0