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Cryptorchid testicular torsion in children: characteristics and treatment outcomes

 Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102, China

Correspondence Address:
Yun-Li Bi,
Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aja.aja_10_21

PMID: 33723095

This study aimed to review and compare the characteristics and treatment outcomes of cryptorchid testicular torsion in pre- and postpubertal children. We reviewed the clinical data of 22 patients with testicular torsion complicated by cryptorchidism who were treated between January 2010 and December 2019. Patients were categorized into prepubertal (1 month to 9 years; n = 12) and postpubertal groups (10–16 years; n = 10). The age at presentation, clinical presentations, physical examination, and operation outcomes were assessed. The common clinical presentations in both groups were inguinal pain and a tender inguinal mass. Patients in the prepubertal group were significantly more likely to present with restlessness (33.3%) than those in the postpubertal group (0%; P = 0.044). After detorsion, testicular blood flow recovered during surgery in 25.0% of the prepubertal and 80.0% of the postpubertal patients (P = 0.010). Orchiectomy was required in 50.0% of the prepubertal and 20.0% of the postpubertal patients (P = 0.145). Of the 22 patients with follow-up data, the rates of testicular salvage were significantly different, at 16.7% in the prepubertal patients and 60.0% in the postpubertal patients (P = 0.035). Cryptorchid testicular torsion has various manifestations. Although an empty hemiscrotum and a painful groin mass were common in both groups, restlessness was more prevalent in the prepubertal patients during early testicular torsion onset than that in the postpubertal patients. Notably, the testicular salvage rate was significantly lower in the prepubertal patients than that in the postpubertal patients.

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    -  Tang LF
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