ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 458-462

Body composition changes following chemotherapy for testicular germ cell tumor: obesity is the long-term problem


Department of Urology, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Yuki Takai
Department of Urology, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata 990-9585
Japan
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aja202195

Rights and Permissions

Metabolic syndrome is a long-term complication of systemic chemotherapy for testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT). It is believed to be caused by secondary hypogonadism or toxic medicines because of orchidectomy followed by systemic chemotherapy. In this study, changes in the body composition of patients over time were quantitatively analyzed up to 24 months after chemotherapy. This study retrospectively analyzed 44 patients with TGCT who underwent chemotherapy at our institution from January 2008 to December 2016. Subcutaneous and visceral fat areas and psoas and skeletal muscle areas were measured by computed tomography before and immediately after chemotherapy as well as 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months after chemotherapy. The subcutaneous and visceral fat indices and psoas and skeletal muscle indices were calculated as each area divided by body height squared. The total fat area had already significantly increased 3 months after the initiation of chemotherapy (P = 0.004). However, it did not return to prechemotherapeutic levels even at 24 months after chemotherapy. The skeletal muscle area was significantly decreased at the end of chemotherapy (P < 0.001); however, the value returned to baseline within 12 months. In multivariable analysis, the prechemotherapeutic skeletal muscle index and number of chemotherapy cycles were independently associated with the reduction of skeletal muscle at the end of chemotherapy (P = 0.001 and P = 0.027, respectively). In patients with TGCT, skeletal muscle mass decreased during chemotherapy and recovered within 12 months, whereas fat mass progressively increased from the initiation of chemotherapy until 24 months after chemotherapy.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2540    
    Printed93    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded152    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal