Year : 2016  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 747-753

Identification of late-onset hypogonadism in middle-aged and elderly men from a community of China

1 Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
2 Department of Urology, Fifth People's Hospital of Shanghai, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
3 Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Correspondence Address:
Ying-Hao Sun
Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1008-682X.160883

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In this study, we investigated the essential criteria for late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) syndrome based on the presence of symptoms associated with low testosterone levels in Han Chinese men. Blood tests for total testosterone (TT) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were performed, and the aging male symptoms (AMS) questionnaire was conducted in a randomly selected cohort composed of 944 Chinese men aged 40 to 79 years from nine urban communities. Three sexual symptoms (decreased ability/frequency of sexual activity, decreased number of morning erections, and decreased libido) were confirmed to be related to the total and free testosterone levels. The thresholds for TT were approximately 12.55 nmol l−1 for a decreased ability/frequency to perform sex, 12.55 nmol l−1 for decreased frequency of morning erections, and 14.35 nmol l−1 for decreased sexual desire. The calculated free testosterone (CFT) thresholds for these three sexual symptoms were 281.14, 264.90, and 287.21 pmol l−1 , respectively. TT <13.21 nmol l−1 (OR = 1.4, 95%CI: 1.0-1.9, P = 0.037) or CFT <268.89 pmol l−1 (OR = 1.5, 95%CI: 1.1-20, P = 0.020) was associated with an increase in the aforementioned three sexual symptoms. The prevalence of LOH was 9.1% under the criteria, including all three sexual symptoms with TT levels <13.21 nmol l−1 and CFT levels <268.89 pmol l−1 . Our results may improve the diagnostic accuracy of LOH in older men.

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