INVITED REVIEW
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 229-233

Recurrent varicocele


Department of Surgery, division of Urology, Brown University, 2 Dudley Street, Suite #174, Providence, RI 02905, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mark Sigman
Department of Surgery, division of Urology, Brown University, 2 Dudley Street, Suite #174, Providence, RI 02905
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1008-682X.171578

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Varicocele recurrence is one of the most common complications associated with varicocele repair. A systematic review was performed to evaluate varicocele recurrence rates, anatomic causes of recurrence, and methods of management of recurrent varicoceles. The PubMed database was evaluated using keywords "recurrent" and "varicocele" as well as MESH criteria "recurrent" and "varicocele." Articles were not included that were not in English, represented single case reports, focused solely on subclinical varicocele, or focused solely on a pediatric population (age <18). Rates of recurrence vary with the technique of varicocele repair from 0% to 35%. Anatomy of recurrence can be defined by venography. Management of varicocele recurrence can be surgical or via embolization.


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