ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 68-73

Mutations of the aurora kinase C gene causing macrozoospermia are the most frequent genetic cause of male infertility in Algerian men


1 Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université Constantine I; Clinique Ibn Rochd, Centre de Médecine de la Reproduction, Constantine, Algérie
2 Clinique Ibn Rochd, Centre de Médecine de la Reproduction, Constantine, Algérie
3 Université Grenoble Alpes; Equipe Génétique Epigénétique et Thérapies de l'Infertilité, CNRS, AGIM; Laboratoire de Génétique Chromosomique, CHU Grenoble, Grenoble, France
4 Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université Constantine I, Algérie
5 Laboratoire de Biochimie et Génétique Moléculaire, CHU Grenoble, Grenoble, France
6 Université Grenoble Alpes; Equipe Génétique Epigénétique et Thérapies de l'Infertilité, CNRS, AGIM, Grenoble, France
7 Université Grenoble Alpes; Laboratoire de Biochimie et Génétique Moléculaire, CHU Grenoble; Equipe Muscle et Pathologies, INSERM U836, Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences, Grenoble, France
8 Université Grenoble Alpes; Equipe Génétique Epigénétique et Thérapies de l'Infertilité, CNRS, AGIM; Laboratoire de Biochimie et Génétique Moléculaire, CHU Grenoble, Grenoble, France

Correspondence Address:
Pierre F Ray
Université Grenoble Alpes; Equipe Génétique Epigénétique et Thérapies de l'Infertilité, CNRS, AGIM; Laboratoire de Biochimie et Génétique Moléculaire, CHU Grenoble, Grenoble, France

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1008-682X.136441

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Klinefelter syndrome and Y-chromosomal microdeletion analyses were once the only two genetic tests offered to infertile men. Analyses of aurora kinase C (AURKC) and DPY19L2 are now recommended for patients presenting macrozoospermia and globozoospermia, respectively, two rare forms of teratozoospermia particularly frequent among North African men. We carried out genetic analyses on Algerian patients, to evaluate the prevalence of these syndromes in this population and to compare it with the expected frequency of Klinefelter syndrome and Y-microdeletions. We carried out a retrospective study on 599 consecutive patients consulting for couple infertility at the assisted reproduction unit of the Ibn Rochd Clinique, Constantine, Algeria. Abnormal sperm parameters were observed in 404 men. Fourteen and seven men had typical macrozoospermia and globozoospermia profiles, respectively. Molecular diagnosis was carried out for these patients, for the AURKC and DPY19L2 genes. Eleven men with macrozoospermia had a homozygous AURKC mutation (79%), corresponding to 2.7% of all patients with abnormal spermograms. All the men with globozoospermia studied (n = 5), corresponding to 1.2% of all infertile men, presented a homozygous DPY19L2 deletion. By comparison, we would expect 1.6% of the patients in this cohort to have Klinefelter syndrome and 0.23% to have Y-microdeletion. Our findings thus indicate that AURKC mutations are more frequent than Klinefelter syndrome and constitute the leading genetic cause of infertility in North African men. Furthermore, we estimate that AURKC and DPY19L2 molecular defects are 10 and 5 times more frequent, respectively, than Y-microdeletions.


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