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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 5: Proinflammatory cytokine mRNA expression in the seminal vesicles. (a) TNF-α, (b) COX-2, (c) IL-6, and (d) iNOS mRNA expression levels were significantly upregulated in the treated seminal vesicles. *P < 0.05, SV group compared to NC group. TNF-α: tumor necrosis factor-alpha; COX-2: cyclooxygenase-2; IL-6: interleukin 6; iNOS: inducible nitric oxide synthase; SV: seminal vesiculitis; NC: normal control.

Figure 5: Proinflammatory cytokine mRNA expression in the seminal vesicles. (<b>a</b>) TNF-α, (<b>b</b>) COX-2, (<b>c</b>) IL-6, and (<b>d</b>) iNOS mRNA expression levels were significantly upregulated in the treated seminal vesicles. *P < 0.05, SV group compared to NC group. TNF-α: tumor necrosis factor-alpha; COX-2: cyclooxygenase-2; IL-6: interleukin 6; iNOS: inducible nitric oxide synthase; SV: seminal vesiculitis; NC: normal control.