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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Effects of Panax ginseng on sperm motility parameters. Sperm motility are the results for the normal (N) and P. ginseng-treated (100, 500 and 1000 mg kg −1 ) groups in the presence or absence of 10 mmol l – 1 1,2-bis-(o-aminophenoxy)-ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetra-acetic acid). (a) Sperm motility; (b) curvilinear velocity (μm s −1 ); (c) amplitude of lateral head displacement (ƒÊm) and (d) Ca 2+ levels. *Significantly different from the normal value (*P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001). #The mean is significantly different from the control value (#P < 0.05, ##P < 0.01).

Figure 1: Effects of Panax ginseng on sperm motility parameters. Sperm motility are the results for the normal (N) and <i>P</i>. ginseng-treated (100, 500 and 1000 mg kg <sup>−1</sup> ) groups in the presence or absence of 10 mmol l <sup>– 1</sup> 1,2-bis-(o-aminophenoxy)-ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetra-acetic acid). (<b>a</b>) Sperm motility; (<b>b</b>) curvilinear velocity (μm s <sup>−1</sup> ); (<b>c</b>) amplitude of lateral head displacement (ƒÊm) and (<b>d</b>) Ca <sup>2+</sup> levels. *Significantly different from the normal value (*<i>P</i> < 0.05, **<i>P</i> < 0.01, ***<i>P</i> < 0.001). #The mean is significantly different from the control value (#<i>P</i> < 0.05, ##<i>P</i> < 0.01).