INVITED REVIEW
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 241-248

Lineage plasticity-mediated therapy resistance in prostate cancer


1 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
2 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Graduate Program, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
3 Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
4 Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

Correspondence Address:
Haojie Huang
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA; Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aja.aja_41_18

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Therapy resistance is a significant challenge for prostate cancer treatment in clinic. Although targeted therapies such as androgen deprivation and androgen receptor (AR) inhibition are effective initially, tumor cells eventually evade these strategies through multiple mechanisms. Lineage reprogramming in response to hormone therapy represents a key mechanism that is increasingly observed. The studies in this area have revealed specific combinations of alterations present in adenocarcinomas that provide cells with the ability to transdifferentiate and perpetuate AR-independent tumor growth after androgen-based therapies. Interestingly, several master regulators have been identified that drive plasticity, some of which also play key roles during development and differentiation of the cell lineages in the normal prostate. Thus, further study of each AR-independent tumor type and understanding underlying mechanisms are warranted to develop combinational therapies that combat lineage plasticity in prostate cancer.


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