Table of Contents  
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 494-495

A case of giant epidermoid cyst on the penis


1 Department of Urology, The First Ren Ming Hospital of Lanzhou, Lanzhou 730050, China
2 Department of MRI, The First Ren Ming Hospital of Lanzhou, Lanzhou 730050, China

Date of Submission08-Jan-2015
Date of Decision23-Feb-2015
Date of Acceptance21-Apr-2015
Date of Web Publication10-Jul-2015

Correspondence Address:
Hong-Jie Chen
Department of Urology, The First Ren Ming Hospital of Lanzhou, Lanzhou 730050
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1008-682X.157547

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How to cite this article:
Chen HJ, Li W, Han YM, Che KY. A case of giant epidermoid cyst on the penis . Asian J Androl 2016;18:494-5

How to cite this URL:
Chen HJ, Li W, Han YM, Che KY. A case of giant epidermoid cyst on the penis . Asian J Androl [serial online] 2016 [cited 2017 Mar 25];18:494-5. Available from: http://www.ajandrology.com/text.asp?2016/18/3/494/157547 - DOI: 10.4103/1008-682X.157547

Dear Editor,

Epidermal inclusion cyst is a benign lesion that can develop in any part of the body. Although cutaneous epidermoid cyst is common lesion, penile localization of them is quite rare. [1],[2],[3] We encountered a case of giant penile epidermoid cyst.

A 59-year-old patient presented with a swelling on the penis for 4 years. The swelling was initially small and gradually increased in size. He didn't have history of trauma, inflammation, urinary tract infection, hematuria, dysuria, and surgery. The local examination revealed a giant swelling over the back of the shaft of the penis from corona glandis to penile base ([Figure 1]). The swelling was subcutaneous, nontender, firm, unmovable and about 8 cm × 3 cm × 3 cm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination was performed ([Figure 2]). Excision of the cyst was performed under general anesthesia. Macroscopically, the cut surface of the mass appeared to be full of a cheesy material ([Figure 3]), and both cytology and culture gave negative results. Histologic examination revealed that capsule wall had stratified squamous epithelium, and there was a lot of red dye cornification in the cavity ([Figure 4]). Finally, the swelling is diagnosed to be a penile epidermoid cyst.
Figure 1: Swelling located at the back surface of the penis from corona glandis to penile base

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Figure 2: MRI of the penis. (a) Isointense or slight hypointensity on T1WI. (b) Hypointense on T2WI + FS. (c) Hypointensity on T1WI + FS. (d) Isointense or slight hypointensity on DWI. MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; T1WI: T1 weighted imaging; T2WI: T2 weighted imaging; FS: fat suppression; DWI: diffusion weighted imaging.

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Figure 3: Excised epidermal cyst of penis. The mass size is about 8 cm × 3 cm × 3 cm, with flexible, membrane integrity. There are a brown sticky paste and no clear organizational structure in mass.

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Figure 4: Epidermoid cyst of the penis Capsule wall has stratified squamous epithelium, and there is a lot of red dye cornification in the cavity. Scale bar = 500 ìm.

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Penile epidermoid cyst is usually small, soft, freely movable and solitary masses, and only rarely multifocal. In the present case, size of cyst is giant and about 8 cm × 3 cm × 3 cm, which has not been reported in previous literature. In general, penile epidermal cyst is asymptomatic, unless when it is complicated by infection or difficult coitus. [3]

Epidermal inclusion cyst may be formed by several mechanisms. They may result from implantation and proliferation of epidermal element in the dermis [4] and surgical implantation of epidermal tissue; they may also arise from the sequestration of epidermal rests during embryonic life, occlusion of the pilosebaceous unit, or traumatic implantation of epithelial elements. [5]

In the previous literature, some authors thought that the penile epidermoid cyst can be diagnosed by a careful examination combined by ultrasonography and/or computed tomography. [6] In the present case, we performed MRI examination. A cystic abnormal signal appeared in penile dorsal. Isointense or slight hypointensity on T1 weighted imaging (T1WI), hypointense on T2 weighted imaging + fat suppression (T2WI + FS), slight hypointensity on T1WI + FS, isointense or slight hypointensity on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) were observed in MRI. DWI is specific to epidermoid cysts that show hypointensity. In this case, we think that bleeding in the cyst may lead to a decrease of signal. MRI is the most useful tool for depicting the anatomical boundaries of the lesion, but not necessary for all of this disease.

Surgical excision is still the best option in the rare chance of a malignant transformation of such swellings. The indications for complete excision of the cyst are its fairly large size, tendency to grow, the risk of urethral obstruction, the risk of future difficulty with sexual intercourse, and cosmetic considerations. Although the size of this mass is relatively huge, it is benign disease. It is obviously not reasonable for partial penectomy. Total mass excision and careful follow-up were enough according to the previous publications. [6],[7] Aspiration and simple drainage may carry the risk of recurrence. It has been reported that re-excision was required when residual tissue was left after treatment. [8]


  Author Contributions Top


CHJ and HYM cared for the patient and collected clinical information, CHJ drafted the manuscript. LW and CKY performed the MRI. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.


  Competing Interests Top


The authors declare no competing interests.

 
  References Top

1.
Kinebuchi Y, Nakayama T, Fujiwara M, Yoneyama T. Epidermoid cyst of the penis: a case report. Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi 2003; 94: 452-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Unsal A, Cimentepe E, Saglam R. Penile epidermoid cyst in an elderly patient. Int Urol Nephrol 2002; 34: 229-30.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Suwa M, Takeda M, Bilim V, Takahashi K. Epidermoid cyst of the penis: a case report and review of the literature. Int J Urol 2000; 7: 431-3.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Saini P, Mansoor MN, Jalali S, Sharma A. Penile epidermal inclusion cyst. Indian J Pediatr 2010; 77: 815-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Okeke LI. Epidermal inclusion cyst as a rare complication of neonatal male circumcision: a case report. J Med Case Rep 2009; 3: 7321.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Kaviani A, Hosseini J, Vazirnia AR. A huge penile mass which turned out to be an epidermoid inclusion cyst. Urol J 2009; 6: 135-7.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Papali AC, Alpert SA, Edmondson JD, Maizels M, Yerkes E, et al. A review of pediatric glans malformations: a handy clinical reference. J Urol 2008; 180 4 Suppl: 1737-42.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Kawai N, Sakagami H, Awata S, Kojima Y, Tatsura H, et al. Epidermoid cyst of the scrotum: a case report. Acta Urol Jpn 1996; 42: 609-11.  Back to cited text no. 8
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]



 

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