ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 811-816

11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 in postnatal development of rat testis: gene expression, localization and regulation by luteinizing hormone and androgens


1 Pharmacology Department, School of Pharmacy, Wenzhou Medical University; Institute of Molecular Toxicology and Pharmacology, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China
2 Pharmacology Department, School of Pharmacy, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China
3 The 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China
4 The 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China; Population Council, Rockefeller University, New York, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ren-Shan Ge
The 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China; Population Council, Rockefeller University, New York, USA

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1008-682X.132471

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11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) and type 2 (11β-HSD2) are expressed in rat testis, where they regulate the local concentrations of glucocorticoids. Here, we investigated the expression and localization of 11β-HSD in rat testis during postnatal development, and the regulation of these genes by luteinizing hormone (LH) and androgens. mRNA and protein levels were analyzed by quantitative real-time-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively, in testes collected from rats at postnatal day (PND) 7, 14, 21, 35, and 90, and from rats treated with LH, 7α-methyl-19-nortestosterone (MENT) and testosterone at PND 21 and PND 90. Immunohistochemical staining was used to identify the localization of the 11β-HSD in rat testis at PND 7, 14, and 90. We found that 11β-HSD1 expression was restricted to the interstitial areas, and that its levels increased during rat testis development. In contrast, whereas 11β-HSD2 was expressed in both the interstitial areas and seminiferous tubules at PND 7, it was present only in the interstitial areas at PND 90, and its levels declined during testicular development. Moreover, 11β-HSD1 mRNA was induced by LH in both the PND 21 and 90 testes and by MENT at PND 21, whereas 11β-HSD2 mRNA was induced by testosterone and MENT in the PND 21 testis and by LH in the PND 90 testis. In conclusion, our study indicates that the 11β-HSD1 and 11β-HSD2 genes have distinct patterns of spatiotemporal expression and hormonal regulation during postnatal development of the rat testis.


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